Todays reading of the Koran deals largely with Allah's opinions of the Jews and judgment day and what that means for the Jews. The first verse identifies that we are talking about the Jews as it reference's the prophets that the Jews killed during biblical times.
"Those who defy Allah’s signs and kill the prophets unjustly, and kill those who call for justice from among the people, inform them of a painful punishment."
This list of prophets killed by the Jews does not arise in the Bible, and one has to go into various other Jewish texts to gather information. However, there is one special prophet that I am sure is not considered by Jewish historians, and that is Jesus Christ himself whom is considered a prophet in Islam. So what will happen to the Jews and non-believers in general? By know we know the answer, and that is burn in hell. Interestingly enough, it shows that Allah does not car about people burning in hell for eternity, as he will not offer any help to the burn victims. So this is exactly what one would expect from a peaceful god (all sarcasm intended).
"They are the ones whose works have failed in this world and the Hereafter, and they will have no helpers."
The crux of why Muslims hate Jews is rather stupid really,
"Have you not regarded those who were given a share of the Book,
who are summoned to the Book of Allah in order that it may judge
between them, whereat a part of them refuse to comply and they are
Basically, just because Jews refuse to accept the Koran as holy they are apparently being disrespectful towards Allah. The central thought is that the Torah is not complete, and so it should make sense to just accept the Koran. Naturally this hate of Jews could be rooted in other things like territory gains in the Middle East since time immemorial, but maybe thats just too logical. Funnily enough, its also only the Jews that are singled out for not accepting the Koran which is rather amusing when one considers that most other religions reject the Koran likewise.
Building from the above verse we see that because the Jews believe in a type of purgatory (i.e. a few days burning in Hell) they will in fact burn forever. After all believing that a just and merciful god should save people from burning for eternity is apparently and absurd concept according to the Koran.
"That is because they say, ‘The Fire shall not touch us except for a
number of days,’ and they have been misled in their religion by what
they used to fabricate."
Verses 25-27 are basically Allah saying how awesome he is and how he controls everything and how he will eventually judge everyone.
Verse 28 is a very bizarre verse, as it tells us something about Muslims and what they think about non-believers.
"The faithful should not take the faithless for allies instead of the
faithful, and whoever does that Allah will have nothing to do with him,
except when you are wary of them out of caution. Allah warns you to
beware of [disobeying] Him, and toward Allah is the return."
So Muslims are not allowed to be allies or even friends with non-believers. This is ridiculous as basically Muslims can never get along with non-mulsims, this really shows us that all problems have to be sorted out by Muslims themselves.
Now should I be reading the Koran? After all I cannot ever contribute anything meaningful to the conversation. But apparently moderate Islam exists?
The version of the Koran I am reading is the John Meadows Rodwell translation. An online version can be found at the al-quran.info website
Additionally, for commentary I am utilizing the commentary of Maulana Muhammad Ali which is available at muslim.org/english-quran/quran.htm