Monday, 8 December 2014

Published peer reviewd ID manuscripts?

 So I found a page on one of the countless pesudo-science webpages for creationism on the Internet which claimed that there are multiple peer reviewed scientific articles published which support  intelligent design. I was astonished as I am not aware of any peer reviewed intelligent design manuscripts except in those creationism journals who are owned and run by creationist organizations and have no impact factor and are not scientifically accredited.

This claim was even more astounding as they claim that these articles are published in scientific journals such as "Protein Science, Journal of Molecular Biology, Theoretical Biology and Medical Modelling, Journal of Advanced Computational Intelligence and Intelligent Informatics, Quarterly Review of Biology, Cell Biology International, Rivista di Biologia / Biology Forum, Physics of Life Reviews, Quarterly Review of Biology, Annual Review of Genetics, and many others". Needless to say I decided to investigate a little as I really do not want to trust some pseudo science website, and who knows maybe evolution has been wrong all along.

My mission was to open the articles that the website highlighted as important papers and then press "Ctrl+F" to search for the phrase intelligent design. After all if something is supportive of intelligent design you would at least expect the phrase intelligent design. Here are the results and the number of hits listed in [brackets].

Stephen C. Meyer, “The origin of biological information and the higher taxonomic categories,” Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, Vol. 117(2):213-239 (2004) [1 hit, which lead to a massive controversy and editorial staff getting fired, also this is a literature review and not a scientific research paper.]

Michael J. Behe, “Experimental Evolution, Loss-of-Function Mutations, and ‘The First Rule of Adaptive Evolution,’” The Quarterly Review of Biology, Vol. 85(4):1-27 (December 2010). [0  hits]

Douglas D. Axe, “Estimating the Prevalence of Protein Sequences Adopting Functional Enzyme Folds,” Journal of Molecular Biology, Vol. 341:1295–1315 (2004). [0 hits]

Michael Behe and David W. Snoke, “Simulating evolution by gene duplication of protein features that require multiple amino acid residues,” Protein Science, Vol. 13 (2004).[0 hits]

William A. Dembski and Robert J. Marks II, “The Search for a Search: Measuring the Information Cost of Higher Level Search,” Journal of Advanced Computational Intelligence and Intelligent Informatics, Vol. 14 (5):475-486 (2010). [0 hits]

Ann K. Gauger and Douglas D. Axe, “The Evolutionary Accessibility of New Enzyme Functions: A Case Study from the Biotin Pathway,” BIO-Complexity, Vol. 2011(1) (2011).[0 hits]

Ann K. Gauger, Stephanie Ebnet, Pamela F. Fahey, and Ralph Seelke, “Reductive Evolution Can Prevent Populations from Taking Simple Adaptive Paths to High Fitness,” BIO-Complexity, Vol. 2010 (2) (2010). [0 hits]

Vladimir I. shCherbak and Maxim A. Makukov, “The ‘Wow! Signal’ of the terrestrial genetic code,” Icarus, Vol. 224 (1): 228-242 (May, 2013). [0 hits]

Joseph A. Kuhn, “Dissecting Darwinism,” Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings, Vol. 25(1): 41-47 (2012). [0 hits]

Winston Ewert, William A. Dembski, and Robert J. Marks II, “Evolutionary Synthesis of Nand Logic: Dissecting a Digital Organism,” Proceedings of the 2009 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, pp. 3047-3053 (October, 2009). [0 hits]

Douglas D. Axe, Brendan W. Dixon, Philip Lu, Stylus: A System for Evolutionary Experimentation Based on a Protein/Proteome Model with Non-Arbitrary Functional Constraints,” PLoS One, Vol. 3(6):e2246 (June 2008). [0 hits]

Kirk K. Durston, David K. Y. Chiu, David L. Abel, Jack T. Trevors, “Measuring the functional sequence complexity of proteins,” Theoretical Biology and Medical Modelling, Vol. 4:47 (2007).[0 hits]

Frank J. Tipler, “Intelligent Life in Cosmology,” International Journal of Astrobiology, Vol. 2(2): 141-148 (2003).[0 hits]

Michael J. Denton, Craig J. Marshall, and Michael Legge, “The Protein Folds as Platonic Forms: New Support for the pre-Darwinian Conception of Evolution by Natural Law,” Journal of Theoretical Biology, Vol. 219: 325-342 (2002).[0 hits]

A.C. McIntosh, “Evidence of design in bird feathers and avian respiration,” International Journal of Design & Nature and Ecodynamics, Vol. 4(2):154–169 (2009). [0 hits]

Douglas D. Axe, “Extreme Functional Sensitivity to Conservative Amino Acid Changes on Enzyme Exteriors,” Journal of Molecular Biology, Vol. 301:585-595 (2000). [0 hits]

So there you have it, the most important manuscripts that suport ID have zero reference to ID. The one that did have a reference lead to a change in editorial staff and a peer review scandal. So guess that science does not exist after all.

Thats why we call them ID-iots.

For clarity: I could not search for 3 manuscripts as they were unavailable. Additionally, I also neglected to search a cited book, as just like the review article quoted above it is personal opinion and not scientific research.